“The Old and New Testaments are linked together by the golden clasp of God. We need to become familiar with the Old-Testament Scriptures. The unchangeableness of God should be clearly seen; the similarity of his dealings with his people of the past dispensation and of the present, should be studied. Under the inspiration of the Spirit of God, Solomon wrote, “That which hath been is now: and that which is to be hath already been; and God requireth that which is past.” In mercy God repeats his past dealings. He has given us a record of his dealings in the past. This we need to study carefully; for history is repeating itself.” Review and Herald, April 20, 1897 Par. 14

“The Bible has accumulated and bound up together its treasures for this last generation. All the great events and solemn transactions of Old Testament history have been, and are, repeating themselves in the church in these last days.” Selected Messages Vol. 3, 339.1

“Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.” 1 Corinthians 15:46

“And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it. And he called the name of that place Bethel: but the name of that city was called Luz at the first.” Genesis 28:18, 19

“And Jacob set up a pillar in the place where he talked with him, even a pillar of stone: and he poured a drink offering thereon, and he poured oil thereon. And Jacob called the name of the place where God spake with him, Bethel.” Genesis 35:14, 15


A question of the most solemn import is posed in the last book of the Bible; a question of the highest consequence to all, especially God’s people at the end of the world. The book of Revelation asks: “…the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?” (Revelation 6:17). The book of Joel states it as follows: “…for the day of the LORD is great and very terrible; and who can abide it?” (Joel 2:11). The answer to this question is given in the seventh chapter of the Revelation—the 144,000, those with clean hands and pure hearts, shall be able to stand. The scriptural record pertaining to Jacob’s stone is a powerful witness to this truth. It presents an illustration of the character of the 144,000, and the purpose for which God is raising them. It reveals to us as the people of God the necessity of rising to a higher standard if we are to be accounted worthy to stand before the Son of Man.

The Stone Pillar—Identifying the 144,000

“And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God’s house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee.” Genesis 28:22

“But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.” 1 Timothy 3:15

“Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.” 1 Peter 2:5

“But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.” Hebrews 3:6

The patriarch Jacob identified the house of God as the stone that he set up as a pillar. The apostle Paul describes the church in similar language as the pillar and ground of truth. Peter refers to the people of God as living stones that are “built up a spiritual house.” This he spoke under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit which established the principle of the literal followed by the spiritual (see 1 Corinthians 15:46). The literal house made of literal stones, typifies the spiritual house composed of the spiritual living stones—which are God’s denominated people (see 1 Peter 2:9).

Paul continues this train of thought in the book of Hebrews 3:6, but adds an extra criterion stating that those who will be acknowledged as God’s people are to “hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.” As Seventh-Day Adventists the confidence that we are to hold firm to the end are the foundations of our faith as represented on the 1843 and 1850 charts (see MM 97.5; 2SM 389.4; GC392.2; 13MR 359.1). These messages are the beginning of our confidence as Adventists. And the Spirit of Prophecy states clearly that we do not have a new message as Seventh-Day Adventists. The messages on the charts are to be to us as the Rock of Ages.1 They are to anchor us to the shores of truth until the close of this earth’s history. The people that hold these truths “firm unto the end” are those that are represented as Jacob’s stone.

“The enemy is seeking to divert the minds of our brethren and sisters from the work of preparing a people to stand in these last days. His sophistries are designed to lead minds away from the perils and duties of the hour. They estimate as of little value the light that Christ came from heaven to give to John for His people. They teach that the scenes just before us are not of sufficient importance to receive special attention. They make of no effect the truth of heavenly origin, and rob the people of God of their past experience, giving them instead a false science. “Thus saith the Lord: Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein.” [Jeremiah 6:16.]

“Let none seek to tear away the foundations of our faith,—the foundations that were laid at the beginning of our work, by prayerful study of the Word and by revelation. Upon these foundations we have been building for more than fifty years. Men may suppose that they have found a new way, that they can lay a stronger foundation than that which has been laid; but this is a great deception. “Other foundation can no man lay than that is laid.” [1 Corinthians 3:11.] In the past, many have undertaken to build a new faith, to establish new principles; but how long did their building stand? It soon fell; for it was not founded upon the Rock.”

“Did not the first disciples have to meet the sayings of men? did they not have to listen to false theories; and then, having done all, to stand firm, saying, “Other foundation can no man lay than that is laid”? So we are to hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast unto the end.” Gospel Workers, 306.2-307.2

The Drink Offering—The Life of the 144,000

The drink offering was offered with burnt offerings and meat offerings in the typical service of the sanctuary (see Numbers 15:4-5). It was usually a measure of wine, but as shown by Jacob, it was sometimes offered as oil. In the case of Elijah and David, water was offered (see 1 Kings 18:30-34, 2 Samuel 23:15, 16). But what does this drink offering symbolize?

“Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.” 1 Samuel 16:13

“The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;” Isaiah 61:1

“I am the God of Bethel, where thou anointedst the pillar, and where thou vowedst a vow unto me: now arise, get thee out from this land, and return unto the land of thy kindred.” Genesis 31:13

The anointing oil represents the outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon God’s people. But it also represents the Spirit’s work of sanctifying the human heart through the messages from God’s word (see Deuteronomy 32:2; Isaiah 55:10, 11):

“And Moses took the anointing oil, and anointed the tabernacle and all that was therein, and sanctified them…And he poured of the anointing oil upon Aaron’s head, and anointed him, to sanctify him.” Leviticus 8:10, 12

“Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.” John 17:17

“Were it not that this holy oil is poured from heaven in the messages of God’s Spirit, the agencies of evil would have entire control over men. God is dishonored when we do not receive the communications that He sends us. Thus we refuse the golden oil which He would pour into our souls to be communicated to those in darkness.” Review and Herald, February 3, 1903

The anointing oil also represents character—the spotless robe of Christ’s righteousness, that comes as a result of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit and its working in the heart:

“Now is the time to entreat that souls shall not only hear the word of God, but without delay secure oil in their vessels with their lamps. That oil is the righteousness of Christ. It represents character, and character is not transferable. No man can secure it for another. Each must obtain for himself a character purified from every stain of sin.” Testimony to Ministers, 233.2

Elijah’s experience is an illustration of the drink offering. His work of repairing the altar of the Lord, represents the work of repairing the breach made in the law of God and the restoration the foundations of Adventism (see Isaiah 58:12).2 This altar was composed of twelve stones symbolizing the twelve tribes of Israel. At the end of the world they represent the 144,000 that are numbered out of the twelve tribes of spiritual Israel (see Revelation 7:4-8).

After setting the burnt offering, Elijah directed that water be poured upon it. The burnt offering symbolizes God’s denominated people, their consecration and complete surrender to His will that they may be “consumed” in His service (see Romans 12:1-3).3 It is important to note that the water poured upon the offering was measured. Four barrels were poured out in connection with this sacrifice. And in the outpouring of these four barrels is illustrated the two step process by which God’s Spirit is poured upon His people at the end of the world. The Spirit is first poured out in measure to empower God’s people to perform the work of removing sin from their lives (see Ezekiel 36:25, 26; John 20:22; 3SP 243.1).4 It is through this initial outpouring of the Spirit (in measure) that they are prepared to receive the full outpouring (see Acts 2:1-4).5 The first three barrels were poured upon the offering but the fourth was poured into the trench.6 The first three represent the Three Angels’ Messages and the fourth represents the Fourth Angel of Revelation 18 which follows. (see 1888 Materials, 804.3).

Daniel’s Stone—The Work of the 144,000

The stone of Daniel chapter 2 is described as breaking the image which represents the kingdoms of Bible prophecy (see Daniel 2:34-35). The prophet Zechariah explains who this stone is:

“And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.” Zechariah 12:3

The stone is Jerusalem—God’s remnant who come to reflect His character fully. They are the people who remain in Zion after the sinners have been sifted out by the fiery trials of the Sunday Law. They are the people standing on the foundations of Adventism as represented on the 1843 and 1850 charts.

I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel.” Psalm 2:7-9

“The portion of Jacob is not like them; for he is the former of all things: and Israel is the rod of his inheritance: the LORD of hosts is his name. Thou art my battle axe and weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;” Jeremiah 51:19, 20

Psalm 2:7-9 and Jeremiah 51:19-20 identify God’s people as the rod of the Lord’s inheritance; and it is with this rod that He will break the nations represented by the image of Daniel 2. It is true that Jesus accomplishes this work; but He does this in the person of His saints before His second coming.

This truth is also communicated through the symbols of threshing instruments and the threshing floor. The kingdoms that are broken are likened to chaff of the summer threshing floor in Daniel 2. Chaff is brought about as wheat is threshed to separate the precious grain from the worthless husks. The questions to be answered then are who does the threshing, and who exactly is threshed?

“For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter of Babylon is like a threshingfloor, it is time to thresh her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come.” Jeremiah 51:33

“Fear not, thou worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel. Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat them small, and shalt make the hills as chaff. Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, and shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.” Isaiah 41:14-16

“Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces many people: and I will consecrate their gain unto the LORD, and their substance unto the Lord of the whole earth.” Micah 4:13

The threefold union of Modern Babylon (see Revelation 16:13, 19) makes up the kingdom that will be threshed and turned into chaff. The instrument which the Lord uses to perform this work of threshing is the stone of Daniel 2—a secondary symbol of the 144,000.

How will God’s people destroy Babylon? This will be accomplished through the proclamation of the Three Angels Messages.7 “But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him [king of the north]: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many. And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.” Daniel 11:44, 45

“And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up: and the nations shall not flow together any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall. My people, go ye out of the midst of her, and deliver ye every man his soul from the fierce anger of the LORD.” Jeremiah 51:44, 45

“And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory. And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird. For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies. And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.” Revelation 18:1-4

The loud cry of the third angel’s message, will not only warn people against receiving the mark of the beast, but it will call them out of modern Babylon. This message, coupled with the witness of the life and character of the 144,000, will break Babylon’s power. This will trouble the Papacy and trigger worldwide persecution. But the word of the Lord is sure, “he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.”

In Closing

“I saw that none could share the “refreshing” unless they obtain the victory over every besetment, over pride, selfishness, love of the world, and over every wrong word and action. We should, therefore, be drawing nearer and nearer to the Lord and be earnestly seeking that preparation necessary to enable us to stand in the battle in the day of the Lord. Let all remember that God is holy and that none but holy beings can ever dwell in His presence.” Early Writings, 71.2

“Let us strive with all the power that God has given us to be among the hundred and forty-four thousand .” SDA Bible Commentary Vol. 7, 970.10

Only those who attain to the character of Christ fully will receive of the drink offering—the outpouring of the Holy Spirit in the latter rain. We must obtain the victory over every sin; every heart sin that we may be a part of the 144,000—the stone of Jacob that will gain the victory over the Dragon, the Beast, and the False Prophet, and usher in the eternal kingdom.
1The warning has come: Nothing is to be allowed to come in that will disturb the foundation of the faith upon which we have been building ever since the message came in 1842, 1843, and 1844. I was in this message, and ever since I have been standing before the world, true to the light that God has given us. We do not propose to take our feet off the platform on which they were placed as day by day we sought the Lord with earnest prayer, seeking for light. Do you think that I could give up the light that God has given me? It is to be as the Rock of Ages. It has been guiding me ever since it was given… {GCB, April 6, 1903 par. 35}
2See Life Sketches pg. 96.
3“THE drink-offering was celebrated long before the sanctuary service was instituted at Sinai. After the Lord appeared to Jacob at Bethel and said, “Thy name shall be called no more Jacob [a supplanter], but Israel [a prince of God]” “shall be thy name,” Jacob felt so grateful to the Lord that he set up a pillar in the place where He talked with him, and poured out a drink-offering thereon, showing his willingness to pour out his life, if necessary, for the cause of God.” {The Cross and its Shadow – Stephen N Haskell, p.82}
“Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain. Yea, and if I be offered (poured forth*) upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.” (Philippians 2:16, 17, margin*)
4See article entitled Understanding the Latter Rain and Its Phases for more information on the two step process for outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
5Not one of us will ever receive the seal of God while our characters have one spot or stain upon them. It is left with us to remedy the defects in our characters, to cleanse the soul-temple of every defilement. Then the latter rain will fall upon us as the early rain fell upon the disciples on the day of Pentecost. {CET 189.2}
6Elijah’s pouring out of the four barrel’s of water is an illustration of the 3 and 1 combination of prophetic interpretation. For more on this principle see the article entitled Revival and Reformation in Matthew 9 Part 1
7Time of the End Magazine, pg. 45-47


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